Recent advances and future perspectives of sol–gel derived
porous bioactive glasses: a review
represents the research concept of the joint project NTC and
Advanced porous biomaterials functionalized with stem cells to
improve the osseointegration of implants (MATEGRA).
In this review, the recent advances in sol–gel processed
porous bioactive glasses in biomedical fields, especially for
bone tissue regeneration applications have been
comprehensively reviewed. In the later part of the review,
different types of sol–gel derived bioactive glasses namely
silica, phosphate and silica–titania based glasses along with
organic–inorganic hybrids materials have been discussed.
The review also discusses the chemical, surface, mechanical
and biological properties and further highlights the
strategies to control the pore structure, shape, size and
compositions of sol–gel derived bioactive glasses.